The Challenge of Communicating Computational Research
Research Without Borders
April 4, 2013
Computational approaches to scholarship have revolutionized how research is done but have at the same time complicated the process of disseminating the results of that research. Conclusions may be produced using mathematical models or custom software that are not easily accessible to, or reproducible by, those outside the research team. And in some fields, a lack of understanding of computational approaches may lead to skepticism about their use.
The panel considers urgent questions faced by researchers across the range of academic disciplines. How can scientists and social scientists address the lack of access to the software and code used to produce many research results, which has led to a crisis of verifiability and concern about the accuracy of the scientific record? How can digital humanists approach discussions of computational methods, which may not fit into traditional forms of scholarship and can be viewed with suspicion in disciplines that prize the art of scholarly analysis? Computational researchers are examining communication practices, policies, and tools that promise to more effectively convey their research process and the results it produces.
Neil Chue Hong is Director of the Software Sustainability Institute. He is responsible for representing the Institute and the interests of UK researchers at the national and international level. Within the organization, he oversees operations, leads policy development, develops and manages collaborations, and acts as the principal liaison with stakeholders. Neil has worked with researchers from across the UK and internationally to address barriers to the use of e-Infrastructure in research domains such as biosciences, chemistry, digital humanities, Earth systems modelling, medicine, and the social sciences.
Matthew Jockers is an Assistant Professor of English at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. Prior to his position at Nebraska, he was a Lecturer and “embedded” Academic Technology Specialist in the Department of English at Stanford University. During that time he co-founded and directed the Stanford Literary Lab. His research and teaching are focused on computational text analysis, specifically an approach that he calls “macroanalysis.” His forthcoming book is titled Macroanalysis: Digital Methods and Literary History.
You can also review the discussion on Twitter by searching for the hashtag #rwob.
Scholarly Societies in the Humanities: New Models and Innovation
Research Without Borders
March 5, 2013
How can scholarly societies in the humanities create sustainable organizational models in an era of networked communications? What services will attract and retain members when scholars have an increasing list of options available for disseminating their work and connecting with peers? View video from this panel discussion on “Scholarly Societies in the Humanities: New Models and Innovation,” a panel discussion of these questions and more.
Kathleen Fitzpatrick, Director of Scholarly Communication, Modern Language Association
Robert Townsend, Deputy Director, American Historical Association
Dianne Harris, past-President, Society of Architectural Historians
You can also review the discussion on Twitter by searching for the hashtags #rwob and #scholsocieties.
The Symposium featured speaker panels addressing the different stages of the research data life cycle, with representatives from Columbia faculty, learned societies, research institutions, funders, and publishers coming together to examine the implementation stages, available technologies and associated challenges and barriers for managing, preserving and accessing research data. The goal of the symposium was to provide attendees with valuable information to engage their respective organizational stakeholders to initiate and continue long-term research and data management efforts.
Measuring Scholarly Impact: The Influence of “Altmetrics” on a Changing Conversation
Research Without Borders
November 13, 2012
Is the academic community ready to employ new tools to evaluate the importance and influence of scholarly works? How do “altmetrics” services and models reflect new thinking about what types of scholarly activities should be valued? View the video above to hear a panel discussion of these questions, titled “Measuring Scholarly Impact: The Influence of ‘Altmetrics’ on a Changing Conversation.”
“Altmetrics” refers to methods of measuring scholarly impact using Web-based social media. Why does it matter? In many academic fields, attaining scholarly prestige, not to mention tenure and promotion, means publishing research articles in important scholarly journals. However, many in the academic community consider a journal's prestige, which is determined by a metric calculated using the number of citations to the journal, to be a poor proxy for the quality of the individual piece or of the individual author’s work. Many uses of a scholarly work–by practitioners, policy makers, and the general public, for example–do not result in citations. At the same time, hiring and promotion committees are looking for ways to determine the impact of alternate formats now commonly used by researchers such as blogs, data sets, videos, and social media.
Our panelists are all working with innovative new tools for assessing scholarly impact:
Jason Priem, Co-Founder, ImpactStory
Kristi Holmes, Bioinformaticist, Bernard Becker Medical Library, Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine
Caitlin Aptowicz Trasande, Head of Science Metrics, Digital Science
This event is part of the 2012-13 "Research Without Borders: The Changing World of Scholarly Communication" speaker series.
Supporting Translational and Team-based Science Workshop
Traditionally, medical and science/technical libraries have provided information resources and technology to support educational and research objectives. Now, the complexity of translational and team-based science research and their multidisciplinary approaches offer prime opportunities for many different types of libraries to create visionary library-based translational and team-based science programs.
This workshop will provide medical and science/technical librarians with an initial foundation to develop and/or supplement translational and team-based science programs for their institutions. Topics to be discussed include an introduction to the concepts of translational and team-based science and to Clinical and Translational Science Awards (CTSAs), discussion of stakeholders for advancing translational science efforts, strategies for initiating collaborations with stakeholders, and a review of possible services and resources that can be implemented to establish a library-based support program for translational or team-based science.
Instructor: Kristi Holmes is a Bioinformaticist at Becker Medical Library at Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, where she works to develop and support cross-disciplinary initiatives across a variety of subject areas. Her professional interests include the development and implementation of strategies to support biomedical training and research; collaboration and research networking; open science; and understanding the impact of research efforts. She is Director of Outreach for VIVO and a member of the Washington University Institute of Clinical and Translational Sciences Tracking and Evaluation Team.
This project has been funded in whole or in part with Federal funds from the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health and Human Services, under Contract No. HHS-N-276-2011-00003-C with the University of Pittsburgh, Health Sciences Library System.
Questions? Contact Kathryn Pope, Head, Scholarly Communication Program
Webcast Screening: Open Access and Your Publications: What’s Copyright Got To Do With It?
Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 2:30 pm
Columbia University, Butler Library, Room 523
Join us to screen a webcast of an American Library Association (ALA) webinar with Kenneth Crews, director of Columbia's Copyright Advisory Office.
For librarians, researchers and many other library users, the open access movement has enabled easy and reliable access to a wide range of new publications. However, the success of open access hinges on the terms in the agreements between authors and publishers. The copyright language that spells out whether the public will have access to specific material might be buried in a cryptic, pro forma email attachment or even a click-through agreement. Don’t let your materials stay hidden under a rock—facilitate access by learning to be proactive with the expert advice of copyright authority Kenneth D. Crews.
This is second of a series of occasional ALA webinars called Crews on Copyright.
The screening at Columbia University is part of Open Access Week 2012. It is open to Columbia students, faculty, and staff.
Your Dissertation: What You Need to Know About Copyright and Electronic Filing
Monday, October 22, 1:00 pm
Columbia University, Butler Library, Room 523
Students at the Columbia Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (GSAS) must file their dissertations electronically, and a copy of each dissertation will be deposited in Columbia's online repository Academic Commons. This new requirement may change the way you prepare your dissertation for filing. Learn important information about your copyrights, using copyrighted materials in your dissertation, and depositing your work in Academic Commons.
This event is part of Open Access Week 2012 at Columbia University. It is open to Columbia students, faculty, and staff.
Bountiful Harvest? Collection-building Opportunities With Open Access
Open Access Week 2012
October 23, 2012
How is open access changing the way libraries build their collections? Has it caused greater shifts in opportunities in the sciences or humanities? What are the most pressing challenges it presents? Watch a lively debate on how librarians can support open access and use it to enrich the collections and services they offer.
Matthew Baker, Collection Services Librarian, The Burke Library at Union Theological Seminary
Pamela Graham, Director of Global Studies and Director, Center for Human Rights Documentation & Research, Columbia University Libraries/Information Services
Megan Wacha, Research and Instruction Librarian for Media and the Performing Arts, Barnard College
This event was part of Open Access Week 2012 at Columbia University.
Addressing Author Misconduct: The Role of Researchers, Journals, and Institutions
Research Without Borders
Thursday, September 20, 2012
We hold the published scientific record in such high regard because we expect that it accurately reflects the results of research. But what happens when researchers tinker with their results, either with good or bad intent? Join us for “Addressing Author Misconduct: The Role of Researchers, Journals, and Institutions” to explore these questions and more. This panel discussion will take place on Thursday, September 20, at noon in Columbia’s Faculty House. The event is free and open to the public.
Though not a new issue, academic author misconduct has been in the spotlight due to recent high-profile cases such as that of Dutch psychologist Diederik Stapel. Many are calling for more coordination among journals, research institutions, and research leaders across the globe in dealing with the range of issues broadly described as “misconduct.” At the same time, a high volume of submissions, alongside widely available digital publishing software, has put increasing pressure on journals to inspect papers for signs of questionable practices or even data manipulation. How can journals and institutions best educate researchers about misconduct and coordinate their efforts to address it? Are there ways to take more advantage of the post-publication review processes and open discussions that are occurring organically on the Web? And when misconduct is discovered, how can the digital scientific record best be corrected?
The panel will consider the issue from diverse perspectives. The panelists are: Liz Williams is Executive Editor of The Journal of Cell Biology. Martin Frank is Executive Director of the American Physiological Society. Katja Brose is Editor of the journal Neuron. Naomi Schrag is the Associate Vice President for Research Compliance at Columbia University
This event, cosponsored by the Columbia University Office of Research Compliance and Training and Scholarly Communication Program, is the first event this academic year in the speaker series Research Without Borders: The Changing World of Scholarly Communication. Watch the live webcast here: http://scholcomm.columbia.edu/events/live-webcast/. You can also follow the discussion on Twitter at https://twitter.com/ScholarlyComm or by using the hashtag #rwob.
Born Digital: Personal Digital Archiving Week
April 24, 25, and 26, 2012
No video available
Preserving digital information is vital in a new era in which we create personal material daily such as photographs and emails that are ‘born digital’, and thus have no physical counterparts. In order to ensure that we the Columbia community can effectively preserve our personal digital histories and advise others on how best to do the same, the Columbia University Libraries/Information Services sponsored Born Digital: Personal Digital Archiving Week at Columbia, to discuss the ever-changing formats, technologies, and techniques within digital preservation and brainstorm the challenges, strategies, and action planning that lie ahead.
Events included Jeffrey Lancaster, Emerging Technologies Coordinator, discussing New Technologies in Personal Archiving; Robert Hilliker, Digital Repository Manager, Center for Digital Research and Scholarship, talking with CUL/IS staff about Personal and Research Archiving Support; and a panel discussion for CUL/IS staff on Challenges Our Patrons Face in Personal and Research Archiving.